Walk into any store that stocks skin care products, and you will be astonished by the diverse range of products that are offered, from the body and facial moisturizers to lotions and ointments for the different types of skin. With so many options, it can get disorienting. Choosing the right moisturizer can be a daunting task, especially when you have a wide array to choose from and you don’t know what works for your skin type.
Your skin is the fundamental factor to consider when choosing a moisturizer to include in your skincare routine. First, you need to know your skin type; then once you know what your skin needs most, you can choose the ideal products.
The skin has three different layers. The outer layer is called the epidermis; the middle layer is the dermis; and below that, there is a fatty layer known as the hypodermis. Moisture is delivered to the dermis layer of the skin via the blood vessels, and then travels upwards to the outer epidermis and evaporates. This loss of moisture makes the skin dry. The purpose of a moisturizer is to trap moisture already in the skin to prevent it from escaping, and also to restore lost moisture. There are 5 different kinds of skin:
If you are a person with this type of skin, there is the good news: your skin conserves water better than other skin types! Remember, a moisturizer is used to help retain moisture within the skin. Some moisturizers accomplish this by using oil. You should avoid moisturizers that contain oils, as they will give your skin a greasy feel. The best kind of moisturizer for someone with this skin type is one that has hyaluronic acid and glycerin, which make the skin feel soft.
If you are an individual with this skin type, it is advisable to use moisturizers that contain shea butter or coconut oil. If you are not comfortable to use those products, you can go for cream-based moisturizers because they provide more oil. For the extremely dry skin cases, such as those with eczema, the American Academy of Dermatologists recommends that you look for mineral oil in the product label.
This type of skin is easily irritated by specific ingredients or fragrances. If you have this skin type, the safest option is to go for moisturizers that are unscented and contain aloe or chamomile, which will provide soothing relief.
If you have this skin type, congratulations—you are a rare unicorn, indeed. This is what many consider to be the ideal skin type, because the surface of this skin type is neither too oily nor too dry. Therefore, the best moisturizer for this skin type is one that is non-greasy with neutral ingredients.
If you happen to have combination skin, don’t fret! It can be a little more challenging than the other types, but with the right products, you’re good to go. People with this kind of skin usually have normal or dry skin around the cheeks, and an oily forehead or T-zone. The best moisturizer for someone with combination skin should not contain any alcohol or sulfates. Instead, look for products that contain lactic or glycolic acids, hazelnut oil, sunflower oil, or argan oil.
Once you have established your skin type, next you need information on the basic types of moisturizers and what they do for your skin. There are three basic types of moisturizers, and they perform different functions for the skin:
These are the more traditional moisturizers, like petroleum jelly. They function by creating a barrier over the skin and trap water in the skin layer to avoid evaporation. These moisturizers contain long chains of carbon atoms whose purpose is to repel water.
These kinds of moisturizers exists in the form of gels, creams, ointments, and lotions. They are designed to penetrate the skin to make it feel soft and gentle they are made with a variety of chemicals. Their carbon chain prevents water from escaping from the skin.
Unlike the other two types, humectants attract moisture to the skin and lock it there. This is made possible due to the hydroxyl structures found in their chemical composition. The product also prompts the skin to generate ceramides, which are the waxy molecules that are involved in the skin structure. Humectants should be monitored, because when they are applied to dry areas, sometimes instead of drawing moisture from the air it will pull moisture from your skin, making it dry.
10 Moisturizers to Keep your Skin Soft
These are water-based solutions that contain vitamins and sometimes fragrance. They are formulated with ingredients like glycerin and panthenol to keep the skin hydrated. For people who use make up, these types of moisturizers help the makeup look more natural and regulate the production of oils.
Serums are lightweight, absorbent products that are used primarily by those persons that have an issue with their complexion. They contain ingredients that target specific skin issues by penetrating into the skin where they repair damaged cells and work as antioxidants. As a result, serums increase radiance and skin suppleness.
These types of moisturizers work almost for every skin type and are not as heavy as cream; when choosing a lotion, go specifically for non-comedogenic formulas whose particles are too large to enter and block skin pores.
These types of moisturizers work exceptionally well for individuals with dry skin who want more moisture. The more dehydrated the skin is, the heavier the cream one is supposed to use. Dermatologists recommend the use of heavier cream during dry seasons.
Such moisturizers do not contain the sun protection factor (SPF) because they are used at night they are a good alternative for people with aging skins.
Moisturizers with oils are used by persons with sensitive and dry skin.
This type of moisturizer is usually heavy and is typically petroleum-based to help lock in the moisture in the skin.
Moisturizers with vitamins stimulate the production of collagen which is the main ingredient in anti-aging.
Is useful for itch remedies and persons with sensitive skin, they give a cooling sensation and make the skin less irritable.
This type of moisturizer is recommended for the tough skin areas like the palm of your hands or feet and helps soften them.
Moisturizers are essential for every person, your skin type notwithstanding, and they help rejuvenate and make the skin feel soft for a radiant look.
Moisturizers.com | Tips by Skin Type
Effortless Skin | Emollients, Occlusives and Humectants Explained
WebMD | Choosing the Right Moisturizer for Your Skin